The Fairytale landscapes of Finnish Lapland – If you are not affraid of extreme cold weather, the relentless freezing world of Finnish Lapland is a fantastic place to go and to experience the beauty of the world-famous fairytale landscapes. Lapland offers experiences all year round. Experience winter twilight, Northern Lights and the nightless night of summer in Finland. Along with unique nature, there is a huge range of activities. Welcome to Finnish Lapland!
Nature and its four seasons create an ideal backdrop for the wide range of travel services available in Lapland. The twelve tourist areas of Lapland offer guests unforgettable experiences all year round. Winter’s white snow and the drifts of spring give way to the awakening of nature as Lapland is illuminated with summer light. Summer bows to the colourful array of autumn and the magical polar nights of Christmastime.
Riisitunturi National Park
Riisitunturin kansallispuisto is a national park in Posio, Finnish Lapland. It was established in 1982 and covers 77 square kilometres (30 sq mi). The park is on a mountainous area, and there are also many swamps, especially hillside swamps.
Due to the enormous amount of swamps in especially this area of Finnish Lapland there is a lot of fog in the autumn. This fog, but also clouds, freezes to the trees as temperatures drop below zero and forms a snow-load, or ‘tykky’ as the Finns call it. For this to happen there is actually no snowfall needed at all; it’s the combination of moisture particles in the air, wind and temperatures well below zero. The temperature at sometimes is about -30 °C. As winter progresses (and temperature usually stays below zero for over six consecutive months) the tykky grows and the trees bend over under the excessive weight of the ice packages. Evolution has forced these trees, spruces, to stay slim because side branches would break off under the load.
Besides the beautiful landscapes, Riisitunturi National Park is a great place to enjoy great outdoors. There are different routes for longer hiking trips and shorter ones for day trips. The shortest route is 4,3km long, also good for families, and other routes are 10+ km. The longest hiking route is 29km. In the winter there are excellent possibilities for cross-country skiing
Another reason to go in Winter – besides low temperatures – is the low position of the sun above the horizon. Because of this there are two periods of around 20 minutes, around sunrise and sunset, when the light breaks in a specific way in the atmosphere. As a result the sky turns deeply pink and purple on the sky-side opposite of the sun. This is an experience you will never forget.
The only wilderness hut in the park is located near the twin-peak Riisitunturi, 465.3 m (1,527 ft)
The culture of Lapland is a mixture of north and south, east and west. The culture of Lapland is broadly understood as the way of life and how to make a living. Sámi people, living in Lapland, are among the largest indigenous ethnic groups in Europe. And let’s not forget – Finnish Lapland is also the home of Santa Claus and his reindeers.
Welcome to Finnish Lapland!
Photos provided by Leander Voets