India has more than 1.2 billion inhabitants and is the most populated country in the world after china. The capital is New Delhi, but the largest city is Bombay. India is the birthplace of many religions, including Hinduism, Buddhism and Sikhism. Because of the many types of climate and the size of the country India has a huge variety of landscapes. India consists of three main areas: the Himalayas (Sanskrit: ‘ snow country ‘), the northern plain and the peninsula.
Knowhere in the world, you will find so many different religions as in India. Wherever you go, you will see everywhere in everyday life that religion plays a huge important role. Each province, region, city, village has its own variant and own gods.
Through the Holy City of Varanasi flows the Holy River Ganges. It is a place of pilgrimage for Hindus. Also by Rishkesh goes the Holy Ganges River and you can find many ashrams. Let yourself be amazed by the huge amount of pilgrims who come here daily and perform ceremonies in and along the river.
ATTRACTIONS OF INDIA
In a huge country like india, there are far too much attractions to name them all. Here we name a selection of places you really wouldn’t miss:
The most famous attraction of Idia is the Taj Mahal. This monument is located close to the city of Agra. Emperor Shahjahan this let this beautiful monument built out of love for his dead wife. Shahjahan had the plan to built an exact copy next to the white mausoleum as a final resting place for himself, this time in black marble. But after the death of the Emperor in 1666 he is buried next to Mumtaz Mahal in the white mausoleum. Additional points of interest include the Red fort near Delhi and the city Jaipur, nicknamed the Pink City,beccause the old town is made up of pink sandstone.
The Ganges is a large and sacred river which flows through India and Bangladesh. The river is 2510 km. long river begins at the Gangotri glacier in the Indian State of Uttarakhand, India, near the border with the Tibet Autonomous Region.
The Red Fort
The Red Fort of Delhi or Lal Qila is a wall surrounded Palace in Shahjahanabad. The Red Fort is located on the river Yamuna. It is one of the most famous sites in Delhi, and is part of the UNESCO World Heritage list.
Qutab Minar is one of the best examples of Islamic architecture in India. The tower is located in the city of Delhi and is one of the main tourist attractions.
Golkonda is an ancient ruin city in the Indian State of Andhra Pradesh. The city is located on a 120 meter high Hill, consisting of granite, not far from the city of Hyderabad.
Fort of Agra
The Fort of Agra in the Indian city of Agra was built by the order of the Mogolse Emperor Akbar from 1565 to 1571 to themselves and to protect the new capital Agra. The building is a UNESCO World Heritage site since 1983
Humayuns tomb is a large scale grave monument in Delhi, that was built between 1562 and 1571 as a final resting place for the second ruler of the Mughal Empire, Humayun
Gateway of India
The Gateway of India is a monument at the port of Bombay in India. It is a triumphal arch with maximum height of 26 meters.
Hawa Mahal Palace
Hawa Mahal Palace in Jaipur is one of the most remarkable examples of the post-Mughal architecture. Rather than a real Palace, it is more of a façade containing 953 Windows, balconies and niches divided over five floors.
Temple of Harmandir Sahib
The temple of Harmandir Sahib or Hari Mandir is the main shrine for sikhs. The temple was formerly known as the Golden Temple, but was renamed by the Shiromani Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee in March 2005.
India has a lot more to offer than temples, buildings and cities. Throughout the country are many beautiful national parks to visit, such as Bandipur, Corbett, Kanha and Ranthambore National Park, known as tiger reserve, and Sasan Gir lions, where a large population lives.
Periyar in the South is a beautiful National Park where you can take a walk through the Green jungle or a boat ride to look for wild elephants. The backwaters of Allepey form a labyrinth of narrow and wide channels.
India has a very long coastline on the west ans East side. There are some areas that offer the right conditions and are developed to a beautiful beach destination, a place to stay a week or longer.
The most famous place is, of course, Goa. In the earlier times hippies came her but Goa is now turned into a beautiful beach place with many different beaches. The most beautiful white beaches with palm trees can be found at the beaches in the South as Palolem and Gokarna. The most luxury resorts are also found in the South of Goa near Candolim.
In addition, there are also further to the South of India beautiful beaches like Kovalam, Trivandrum & Varkala. These are smaller than Goa but no less beautiful and be much quieter.
The Indian cuisine makes widely use of different types of rice, cereals, potatoes, vegetables and spices and fresh herbs that are mixed into a Garam Massala (aromatic blend) . The Garam Masala can differ by region and by court. Curries, tandoori and those with rice, or with fresh bread be eaten, are well-known Indian dishes. Also they make much use of legumes and paneer (cheese). The meals is fried in ghee (clarified butter) and oil.In many restaurants you can order a thali. That is a complete meal on an aluminum or steel plate (thali) with different bowls. This is served sepereat from the rice, vegetables, pickles and yoghurt. A thali is in the South sometimes is served on a banana leaf.
The different religions in India have a great influence on Indian cuisine. The cow is according to Hinduism a sacred animal and therefore Hindus will never eat beef. On the other hand, the Islamists will not eat pork because they consider a pig.an unclean animal. Since many Hindus eat no meat at all, most Indian dishes are vegetarian. Traditionally one eats in India with the right hand. The left hand never touches the food, because this hand is considered unclean.
No destination is as impressive as India.
India makes you focus your senses. The aromatic food, the urban cacophony, the sacred rituals and of course the millions of Indians themselves.